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Tambayoyi akai -akai akan shigowa da fitarwa na Chemicals masu haɗari da Binciken Kunshin

An aiwatar da Babban Gudanarwar Sanarwar Kwastam mai lamba 129 na 2020 "Sanarwa kan Batutuwa Game da Shigo da Shigo da Motoci Masu Hadari da Kulawa da Kulawa". Kwastam din ta ci gaba da samun shawarwarin kasuwanci daga kamfanonin shigo da kaya da yawa, Musamman zabar tambayoyin wakilai 9 daga cikinsu. Don takamaiman tambayoyi, za mu shirya amsoshin tambayoyin da ake yi akai -akai game da dubawa da kula da shigowa da fitarwa sunadarai masu haɗari da fakitinsu don nuni ga kamfanonin da suka dace.

Shin yakamata a gudanar da bincike akan sunadarai masu haɗari da ake shigowa dasu ta hanyar kasuwanci?

A chemicals Chemicals masu haɗari sun haɗa da matsalolin tsaro. Don haka, bisa ka’ida, ana buƙatar duba sinadarai masu haɗari waɗanda aka shigo da su ta hanyoyin kasuwanci daban -daban, sannan kuma ana buƙatar duba sinadarai masu haɗari waɗanda ake shigo da su ta hanyar sarrafa kasuwanci daidai da buƙatun duba haɗari masu haɗari.

2.Takardar bayanan aminci na ruwan gauraye yana nuna cewa alamar walƙiya “ba ta aiki”. Shin za a iya yanke hukunci cewa baya cikin sunadarai da aka lissafa a cikin jerin sunadarai masu haɗari (Buga na 2015)?

A : An fara binciken cakuda tare da manyan abubuwan da aka haɗa dangane da tsarkakakken abu don ganin ko akwai madaidaicin shigarwar XXX (kamar 124 "propyne da propadiene cakuda [barga]"), 276 "polybrominated diphenyl ether cakuda", da sauransu. .), Idan akwai wani abu mai dacewa, ana yanke hukunci cewa yana cikin abun;

Idan babu wani abu mai dacewa, galibi ya dogara ne akan ko alamar walƙiya ta yi ƙasa da ko equal 60 ℃, kuma an yanke hukunci cewa yana cikin Mataki na ashirin da 2828 na "Littafin Kimiyya Mai Haɗari (Harshen 2015)"

Hukuncin gaba ɗaya wanda bai cika sharuɗɗan da aka ambata a sama ba shine baya cikin sunadarai da aka jera a cikin "Catalog Chemicals Catalog (2015 Edition)".

Shin yana da mahimmanci don fitarwa na sunadarai don buƙatar kamfanoni don bayar da rarrabuwa da rahoton gano halaye masu haɗari?

A : Dangane da “Sanarwar Babban Hukumar Kwastam kan Batutuwa Game da Dubawa da Kula da Shigo da Shigo da Motoci Masu Hadari da Kunshin su” (Sanarwa mai lamba 129 a 2020), rarrabuwa da rahoton ganewa na halayen haɗari shine abu mai mahimmanci don ayyana sunadarai masu haɗari don fitarwa, kamar ƙayyade kayan Kamfanoni yakamata su samar da sunadarai da aka jera a cikin "Kundin Kimiyya na Hadari (Buga na 2015)".

5. Akwai kawai harafin "UN" akan kunshin. Shin ya cika buƙatun ba tare da da'irar ba?

A :Ana amfani da alamar kunshin Majalisar toinkin Duniya don tabbatar da cewa kwandon fakitin ya cika buƙatun Majalisar "inkin Duniya "Shawarwari kan Jigilar Kayayyakin Hadari, Dokokin Samfura". Alamar marufi ta al'ada ita ce ƙaramin harafin "u" da "n" da aka shirya sama da ƙasa a cikin da'irar, amma don fakitin ƙarfe, ana iya maye gurbinsa kai tsaye ta hanyar haruffan manyan haruffa "UN". A cikin zirga -zirgar jirgin ƙasa da jigilar hanya, ana iya amfani da alamomin "RID" da "ADR" a maimakon.

Shin ya zama dole a samar da rahoton rarrabuwa da tantancewa na halayen haɗari don sunadarai masu haɗari?

A : Kwastan ba ta tattara rarrabuwa da rahoton gano halaye masu haɗari na sunadarai masu haɗari

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7.Za a iya sauƙaƙa lakabin ƙaramin fakiti na sunadarai masu haɗari?

A : Dangane da "Bayanai don Shirya Alamar Tsaro ta Chemical" (GB 15258-2009), don ƙananan fakitin sinadarai na ƙasa da ko daidai da 100mL, don dacewa da lakabin, ana iya sauƙaƙe abubuwan alamar aminci, gami da gano sinadarai, hotuna, da kalmomin sigina, bayanin haɗarin, wayar tarho na gaggawa, sunan mai siyarwa da lambar tarho, kuma ana iya tura bayanai zuwa harshe mai sauri.

8. Shin kasuwancin kasuwanci mai haɗari yana buƙatar buƙatar zuwa kwastam don kimanta amfani da fakitin kayan haɗari?

A : Dangane da "Dokar Kula da Kayayyakin Kayayyakin Shigo da Kayayyaki na Jumhuriyar Jama'ar Sin" da ƙa'idodin aiwatarwa, kamfanonin da ke samar da kayayyaki masu haɗari dole ne su nemi hukumar binciken kayayyaki don tantance amfani da kwantena. Ƙimar yin amfani da fakitin kayan haɗari masu haɗari za a sarrafa su ta hanyar samar da kayayyaki masu haɗari zuwa kwastan na gida.

9.Menene iyakancewar binciken shigo da fitarwa masu haɗari masu haɗari?

A : Dangane da “Dokokin Kula da Tsaro na Chemicals masu haɗari” (Umarni na 591 na Majalisar Jiha) da “Sanarwar Babban Gudanarwar Kwastam akan Batutuwa Game da Bincike da Kula da Shigo da Shigo da Motoci Masu Hadari da Kunshin su "(Sanarwa mai lamba 129 na 2020), kwastan na yanzu yana gudanar da bincike kan shigowa da fitarwa sunadarai masu haɗari waɗanda aka jera a cikin" Kundin Kimiyya na Hadari (Buga na 2015) ".


Lokacin aikawa: 28-07-21

Bincike

Awanni 24 akan Layi

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