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Labarai

Tsarin fitar da ruwa na sodium hydroxide da taka tsantsan

Sodium hydroxide, wanda kuma aka sani da caustic soda da caustic soda, tsarin sunadarai shine NaOH, wani nau'in alkali ne mai ƙarfi tare da babban lalacewa, gabaɗaya farin flake ko barbashi, ana iya narkar da shi cikin ruwa don samar da maganin alkaline, kuma ana iya narkar da shi a methanol da ethanol. Sodium hydroxide yana da ɓarna, wanda zai iya shafar tururin ruwa a cikin iska, kuma yana iya shakar iskar gas kamar carbon dioxide da sulfur dioxide.

Yanayi

Sodium hydroxide yana da lalacewa sosai, mai ƙarfi ko maganin sa na iya ƙona fatar, wanda zai iya haifar da rauni na dindindin (kamar tabo) ga waɗanda ba su da matakan kariya. Idan sodium hydroxide ya fallasa ga idanu kai tsaye, mai mahimmanci na iya haifar da makanta. Matakan kariya na mutum, kamar safofin hannu na roba, rigunan kariya da tabarau, na iya rage haɗarin hulɗa da sodium hydroxide sosai.

Manufar

Ana amfani da sodium hydroxide sosai. Ana amfani da shi wajen samar da takarda, sabulu, fenti, rayon, tace mai, kammala auduga, tsaftar samfuran kwal, sarrafa abinci, sarrafa itace da masana'antar injina.

Ana amfani da sinadarin sodium hydroxide sosai a cikin tattalin arzikin ƙasa, yawancin masana'antu suna buƙatar sodium hydroxide. Bangarorin da ke amfani da sinadarin sodium hydroxide mafi yawa sune kera sinadarai, sannan yin takarda, narkar da aluminium, narkar da tungsten, rayon, auduga na wucin gadi da masana'antar sabulu. Bugu da kari, a cikin samar da fenti, robobi, sunadarai da masu tsaka -tsakin kwayoyin halitta, sake farfado da tsohon roba, electrolysis na sodium karfe da ruwa, da kuma samar da sinadarin inorganic, ana kuma amfani da adadi mai yawa na caustic soda wajen samar da borax, chromate, manganate, phosphate, da dai sauransu A lokaci guda, sodium hydroxide yana ɗaya daga cikin mahimman albarkatun ƙasa don samar da polycarbonate, polymer absorbent polymer, zeolite, resin epoxy, sodium phosphate, sodium sulfite da babban adadin sodium gishiri.

Bukatun sufuri na ƙasa

Da farko, ba za a iya ɗaukar tushen a cikin aluminium ko gwangwani na zinc ba, saboda sodium hydroxide tushe ne mai ƙarfi, kuma maganin sa zai amsa da aluminium da zinc don samar da iskar hydrogen, sodium metaaluminate ko sodium metazincate

Na biyu, hatimi kuma cika! Domin idan akwai iska, sodium hydroxide zai lalace! An samar da sinadarin carbonate da ruwa

Na uku, fara fitar da iskar nitrogen, iskar oxygen da sauran iskar gas mai kariya a cikin tanki, fitar da iskar gwargwadon iko, sannan ƙara sodium hydroxide bayani, sannu a hankali fitar da gas mai kariya, sannan rufe hatimin sufuri.

Rigakafi Don Fitar da sinadarin Hydroxide Sodium Ta Teku

news-1

Babban nau'in haɗari: 8

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya: 1823

Ƙungiyar kunshin: Kunshin aji na II

Lambar HS: 281510000

Takardu don fitowar sodium hydroxide ta teku

1.Boking
Ikon lauya: ban da mai aikawa da bayanan mai ba da izini, abu mafi mahimmanci shine a bayyana cikakken nauyi, nauyi mai nauyi, fom ɗin shiryawa da fakitin ciki na yanki guda
(lura cewa ana buƙatar yin ajiyar kayan fitarwa na haɗari masu haɗari kwanaki goma kafin gaba. Dole ne bayanan ajiyar kayan haɗari mai haɗari ya zama daidai kuma ba za a iya canza shi ba.)

2.MSDS cikin Turanci
MSDS (masu jirgi za su mai da hankali kan kaddarorin jiki da na sunadarai da abubuwan sufuri, waɗanda ke tantance yanayin masu mallakar jirgin. A zahiri za su san yadda za su mai da hankali kan aiki a cikin sufuri)
Lura: sodium hydroxide nasa ne ga nau'ikan 8 masu haɗari masu haɗari, UN 1823, fom na takardar shaidar takardar kunshin mai haɗari na II

Tare da ikon lauya da MSDS, kuna iya yin ajiyar sararin samaniya mai haɗari. Gabaɗaya ana iya ware kwanaki biyu na aiki.

3. takardar shaidar kunshin haɗari
(galibi ya haɗa da takardar aikin da takardar shaidar amfani. Takardar aikin tana da sauƙi kuma masu samarwa za su iya ba da ita waɗanda za su iya yin fakiti na yau da kullun. Duk da haka, takardar shaidar amfani ta fi rikitarwa, don haka yana buƙatar zuwa Binciken Kayan Kaya na gida. Ofishin masana'anta don nema tare da shaidar IMI da takardar aikin.)

4.Daukar kayan haɗari
Mataki na gaba shine ayyana kayan haɗari. Dangane da buƙatun kamfanonin jigilar kayayyaki daban -daban da wakilan jigilar kayayyaki, ana iya ƙaddamar da kayan sanarwar bisa ga sabon lokacin ƙarshe kafin sanarwar. Sanarwar kayan haɗari masu haɗari galibi don duba kunshin, don haka mafi mahimman takaddun shine takaddar kayan haɗari.
Kayan shela masu haɗari: takardar shaidar kunshin asali mai haɗari, MSDS na Ingilishi, jerin shiryawa, takaddar shiryawa, ikon bayyana lauya

5.Preparation for transportation and packing is a important part
Za'a iya raba wannan hanyar haɗin gida zuwa hanyoyin aiki guda biyu: lodin ajiya da ƙofar masana'anta Point Trailer
Idan an ɗora shi a cikin shagon, kuna buƙatar yin sanarwar shigarwa don tabbatar da lokacin isar da shagon tare da abokin ciniki
Idan ana amfani da tirela mai ƙofar masana'anta, yakamata a kawo ta cikin jirgi tare da cancantar kayan haɗari. Dole ne maigidan direba ya kasance gogaggen tsohon direban motar kaya masu haɗari, wanda zai iya kammala saukar da shi cikin aminci da dacewa.

6. Bayyana a kwastan
Baya ga bayanan sanarwar kwastam na yau da kullun, ya kamata kuma a lura cewa sodium hydroxide na kayan ne wanda ke ƙarƙashin binciken doka, kuma dole ne a samar da duba kayan don fitar da ruwa.

7.Bill of lading
Bayan jirgin ya tashi, ɗauki lissafin biyan kuɗi don biyan kuɗi, tabbatarwa tare da wakilin ko zai ba da ainihin lissafin lading ko lissafin fitarwa na telegraphic, da kuma shirya kwastan da isar da kaya bayan jirgin ya isa tashar jiragen ruwa da aka nufa.
Sodium hydroxide na nau'ikan nau'ikan abubuwa 8 masu haɗari, waɗanda LCL za su iya fitarwa zuwa ƙasashen waje. Koyaya, ya kamata a lura cewa ba za a iya haɗe shi da nau'ikan nau'ikan kayayyaki 4 masu haɗari ko abubuwan acidic ba, kuma dole ne a cika bin ƙa'idodi don keɓewa da ware kadarorin LCL.


Lokacin aikawa: 15-07-21

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